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Periodic Element Symbol

May 13, 2013

Introduction to the periodic element symbols :

Most of the elements introduced in chemistry are classified on the basic of the periodic table and these elements are thus called as the periodic elements .

A view of periodic table is as follows :

Periodic table

List of the periodic element symbols :

The periodic symbol elements are shown are under :

Ac  “stands for” Actinium

Ag “stands for” Silver

Al “stands for” Aluminum

Au “stands for” Gold

Yb “stands for” Ytterbium

Zn “stands for” Zinc

Zr “stands for” Zirconium

In this way , there is a symbol for every element in the periodic symbol as seen from the above diagram of the periodic table.

Importance of the periodic element symbols :

  • The symbols assigned to the elements of the periodic table are very useful in their study .
  • As there are many elements with different names in the periodic table , so it is not easy to remember those ones , So , for proper recognition , they are assigned different symbols due to which they are easily recognized and also  easier for their study as well.
  • Now the symbols are same as the first or first two alphabets of the name in most cases , which is very help in recognizing the name of the symbol.

Characteristics of different classes in the periodic table.

Alkali Metals [ 1 ]

– are very reactive in nature
– strong reducing agents and good conductors of heat as well as electricity.
– are ductile , soft have a silvery luster .

Alkaline Earth Metals [ 2 ]

– are comparatively less reactive than alkali metals
– also good conductors of heat as well as electricity
– are ductile and also  have a silvery luster

Transition Metals  [ 3-12 ]

– calso good conductors of heat as well as electricity
– malleable as well as ductile and also have a silvery luster .
– have varying chemical properties.

Boron Family  [ 13 ]

– do not occur in elemental form in nature
– are usually metallic except the boron.
– having low melting points

Carbon Family  [ 14 ]

– Have varying physical and chemical properties
– are comparatively unreactive in nature.

Nitrogen Family  [ 15 ]

– consisting  of two nonmetals  two metalloids as well as one metal
– forming covalent compounds.

Oxygen Family  [ 16 ]

– occur in elemental form in nature , also in form of combined states.
– Forming covalent compounds with other elements

Halogen Family  [ 17 ]

– non metals which occurs in combined form in nature.
– are very reactive, containing fluorine that is the most reactive element of all nonmetals

Noble Gases [ 18 ]

– Non – reactive , usually all are gases and all are nonmetals.


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