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Study Definition and Examples

April 26, 2013

Type 1 ~ Subject + verb + object

a) We celebrated Independence day. Independence day was celebrated by us.

b) He writes a letter. „ A letter is written by him.

Type 2 — Subject + verb + object + complement

a) Ravi speaks English at home. English is spoken by Ravi at home.

b) The advocate won Gopal s case in the high court. Copal’s case was won by the advocate in the high court.

Type 3 — Subject + verb + two objects (direct and indirect)

a) 1 gave the beggar a rupee.

The beggar was given a rupee by me. A rupee was given to the beggar by me.

b) They showed the audience two films.

The audience werq shown two films (by tfjem). Two films were shown to the audience (by them).

Type 4 — Subject + Aux. V + Main V, + Obj. + Complement

a) The teacher has guided the pupils well.

The pupils have been guided well by the teacher.

b) He had helped people a lot. People had been helped a lot by him.

Type 5 — Subject + Mod. Aux. + V + Obj.

a) They can learn English. English can be learnt by them.

b) The monkeys will play tricks.

Tricks will be played by the monkeys.

c) I shall obey instructions. Instructions will be obeyed by me.

d) He may not do mistakes. Mistakes may not be done by him.

e) We must serve our country.

Our country should be served by us.

Type 6 — Subject + Aux. V (continuous) + Obj..

a) He is doing the work.

The work is being done by him.

b) They were cutting the trees.

The trees were being cut by them.

Type 7 — Interrogative sentences — (Normally active voice Is used and not the passive form.)

a) Who wrote the book?

By whom was the book written? OR

Who was the book written by?

b) Who can solve this problem?

By whom can this problem, be, solved? OR

Who can this problem be solved by?

Type 8 – Verb + object (subject understood) — Imperative sentences

a) Do this work. ‘ ‘

Let this work-be done (by him or them).

b) Read the book.

Let the book be read (by him or them).

Note:

1) Verbs like have, hold, contain, resemble, etc., cannot be passivized.

2) Sentences which have pronouns referring to the same subject cannot be. passivized-

a) She lost her pen.”

b) He cut his finger.

3) Some verbs + preposition phrases cannot be passivized. The shepherd looks-after the sheep.”

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